Central Sleep Apnea Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

central sleep apnea

What is Central Sleep Apnea?

Central sleep apnea (CSA) is a kind of sleep disorder which affects breathing stop over and over while sleeps. Frequently it happens during night when our brain forgets sending signals to the muscles for a short time that controls our breathing. This kind of sleep apnea is generally connected with serious sickness, mainly in lower brainstem, that affects breathing. CSA make gaps in breathing which can be maximum 20 sec.

CSA sufferers don’t have any blockage in their breathing airways. Actually CSA breathing problem happens when our brain and muscles do not work properly. Central sleep apnea is very rare and not common like OSA (obstructive sleep apnea). The ASAA (American Sleep Apnea Association) publish report that less than 20% of people (who have sleep apnea) have central sleep apnea.

Causes of Central Sleep Apnea

Anybody can have CSA likes – male and female, young and old, and even kids. CSA occurs when brainstem do not send signal breathing muscles to work correctly. Though, several causes have been connected with central sleep apnea.

CSA is a common fact in males and whose age is 65 plus. It is also connected with serious illness, like – stroke, heart disease, neurological disease, brainstem or spinal damage. Use of medicine also can be the causes of CSA which is known as Drug-Induced Apnea. Painkillers are the most powerful drugs which can causes disturbed breathing. Some drug likes – codeine, morphine and oxycodone can lead you to central sleep apnea. In this case, you can momentarily stop breathing.

Symptoms of Central Sleep Apnea

The key sign of central sleep apnea is a short-term stoppage of your breathing during sleep at night. Though high snoring is a very powerful symptom of OSA, but in CSA snoring may possibly not always be found.

Central Sleep Apnea Symptoms may include:

#   Weakness throughout the body

  Headaches in the morning

#   Daytime sleepiness

  Restless sleep

  Voice changes

#   Wake up repeatedly in the night

  Going toilet frequently in the night

Central Sleep Apnea Diagnosis

If you find above symptoms within you or anyone notice that sometimes you stop breathing during sleep, then you must talk to your doctor immediately to be confirmed, you have sleep apnea or not. Your doctor will performs a physical test to diagnosis the actual condition. Polysomnography test (a sleep study) will confirm you have SA or not.

Central Sleep Apnea Treatment

Though sleep apnea diagnosis can be terrifying, but it is treatable. In bellow we will discuss about CSA self treatment and medical treatment.

Self Treatment:

# Weight loss: Overweight people must have central sleep apnea problem. So lose weight is one of the best way to be free from sleep apnea as well as heart disease. Even losing overweight can cure your CSA.

Related Article:   5 Best Weight Loss Apps for your Smart Phone

Quit smoking from right now not tomorrow

Avoid sleeping pills, sedatives, and alcohol

Avoid heavy meals and caffeine 2 hours before bed time

Strictly maintain your regular sleeping hours

Medical Treatment:

A specialist doctor can find your symptoms in addition to provide you useful treatment. To cure sleep apnea the big question is what cause behind this CSA then treating those causes. For example, if your central sleep apnea happens due to heart failure, then treat the heart failure to cure CSA.

Treatments for central sleep apnea include:

#  Treating neuromuscular or heart disease

Using oxygen support during sleep

Using breathing devices which will manage CSA

Surgery as Treatment:

If you are feeling unhappy with other treatment, then you can discuss with your doctor for a surgical treatment (though surgery treatment carries some risk). Surgery is able to enlarge the size of your breathing airway by removing adenoids, tonsils, or excess tissue. So you will have to face never central sleep apnea.

Article Sources:

  • sleepapnea.org
  • nlm.nih.gov
  • mayoclinic.com
  • apneasupport.org

Image Credit:

Featured Image: via wikipedia-commons

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F. Rosario has more than 10 years of working experience in the health care sector. She is the co-founder of WhyYouLike. She likes to write to make concern people about health care. Did you like her writings? Want to read all writings posted by Rosario → View all posts by Rosario.

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